What is phenotyping?

We refer to phenotyping as the set of methodologies and protocols used to measure plant growth, architecture, and composition with a certain accuracy and precision at different scales of organization, from organs to canopies. In particular, we use this term in reference to noninvasive technologies because the increasing importance of phenotyping in recent years has been clearly linked to the increasing availability of these methods.

Quote from: Future Scenarios for Plant Phenotyping – Fabio Fiorani and Ulrich Schurr in Annual Review of Plant Biology - Vol. 64:267-291 (Volume publication date April 2013).

High throughput phenotyping

Within NPEC, automated systems will collect information on the plant phenotype. Digital plant phenotyping is a relatively new domain within plant sciences, and rapid developments are taking place in the field of non-destructive, image-analysis-based phenotyping that allow for a characterization of plant traits in high-throughput. Plant phenotyping refers to a quantitative description of the anatomical, physiological and biochemical properties of plants.

The phenotype emerges based on a combination of the genotype, determined by the DNA sequence, and the environment in which a plant grows. The DNA sequence can nowadays be relatively easily obtained, and at affordable costs. The environment comprises all external biotic and abiotic aspects that influence plant growth, so including pests and diseases, the weather, the soil, but also crop management.